The main goal of the Regional Pilot Program SELTAR ‘Soils, Waters, Coastal Zones and Societies facing Risks in Southeast Asia’ is to forecast, assess and mitigate risks related to:
- Natural disasters.
- Diseases and zoonoses.
- Economic and social crises.
- Global changes.
This initiative is based on a long term cooperation between research teams. It has been build with a scientific community of more than 200 Asian and French research teams involving over 350 scientists.
- To simulate Regional and Multidisciplinary research projects that address crucial emerging issues faced by Asian societies.
- To mobilize research interest/studies and raise funds from Asian, European and International donors.
- To contribute to capacity building through pluridisciplinary approaches and exposures to complex and crises in the region.
Given the regional specificities, risks (hazard + vulnerability + resilience) form the backbone of this RPP and therefore a clear cross-cutting axis. This axis breaks down into three more specific axes dealing with:
- Inland Asia
- Coastal zone and regional oceans
- Design of models, simulators and decision-making tools regarding the understanding, prevention and mitigation of risks.
- Risks related to various natural disasters.
- Risks related to diseases and zoonoses: HPAI (H5N1), Lepstospirosis; food safety and food borne diseases; water and soil borne diseases; food security: rice grassy stunt Virus (RGSV); human influenza and measles; health impacts of tourism industry.
This region copes with amazingly rapid land use changes, which greatly impact a wide array of interacting domains:
- Soils: crusting, runoff, erosion, fertility and biogeochaemical cycles, biodiversity, contamination, competition for land and land grabbing.
- Water: quantity (flooding, low flows, groundwater depletion, competition for water resources) and quality (wastewater use in agriculture and its effects), mineral and faecal pollution of surface and ground water; human, animal and plant pathogen dissemination.
- Mountain environement: long term dynamics of the cryosphere, natural hazards and associated risks, access and transportation, mountaineering and ecotourism, upland agriculture, seasonal migration, national parks protected areas, transboundary issues, etc.
- Plants: biodiversity, vegetal genomics, pathology; emerging diseases.
- Quantification of and Payment for Environmeental Services (especially forest vs. tree plantations; water and sediment yields, carbon sequestration, biodiversity, etc).
- Cultural landscapes: agricultural and social trends in the long-term history of landscape; land use and urbanisation process, environment and cultural dynamics, landscape heritage study and management near and remote migrations.
- Changing continental water flow systems to the ocean (due to dans, everexploitation of water ressources) leading to salt water intrusion, subsidence, etc.
- The degradation of mangrove ecosystems and coral reefs under anthrogenic and climate change.
- Sedimentary dynamics and coastal erosion.
- Tidal energy budget in the coastal zone.
- Social and economic aspects: fisheries, tourism.
- Atmospheric deposits (e.g. black carbon) and coastal ecosystems.
- Atmosphere-ocean modelling.
- Dynamics and variability of upwellings and biochemical impacts.
- Oceanic responses to global changes.
- Geodynamics: volcanoes, subduction zones.
- Meteorological cycles.
- Ocean-atmosphere coupling.
- Marine and terrestrial biodiversity: subtainable aquaculture, insular biogeography and diversification processes, pharmacologic molecules.
- Societies: anthropology and archaeology of Austronesian migrations, cultural identitties.
- High population growth rates and very rapid urbanization.
- High exposure to global changes and to natural, epidemiologic disasters.
- High social and economical pressures on increasingly globalized regional and national economies.
- High demand for forecasting risk and developing adaptation strategies tailored to local needs.
- Regional networking.
- Regional training.
- Better visibility of Asian-French scientific cooperation.
- Fund raising.
- A Board
Chair: Professor M.S. Mohan Kumar, IISc, Bangalore, Indiamsmk@civil.iisc.ernet.in
Deputy Chair: Oloth Sengtaheuanghoung, NAFRI, Vientiane, Laosoloth_s@hotmail.com
Excutive Director: Christian Valentin, IRD, Bondy, Francechristian.firstname.lastname@example.org
Deputy Director: Bernard Moizo, IRD, Montpellier, Francebernard.email@example.com
- A Scientific Committee including Asian and French scientists representative of various axes, disciplines and countries