Introduction

Main Goal

The main goal of the Regional Pilot Program SELTAR ‘Soils, Waters, Coastal Zones and Societies facing Risks in Southeast Asia’ is to forecast, assess and mitigate risks related to:

  • Natural disasters.
  • Diseases and zoonoses.
  • Economic and social crises.
  • Global changes.
Asian and French teams involved

This initiative is based on a long term cooperation between research teams. It has been build with a scientific community of more than 200 Asian and French research teams involving over 350 scientists.

Expected results
  • To simulate Regional and Multidisciplinary research projects that address crucial emerging issues faced by Asian societies.
  • To mobilize research interest/studies and raise funds from Asian, European and International donors.
  • To contribute to capacity building through pluridisciplinary approaches and exposures to complex and crises in the region.
Research topic and axes

Given the regional specificities, risks (hazard + vulnerability + resilience) form the backbone of this RPP and therefore a clear cross-cutting axis. This axis breaks down into three more specific axes dealing with:

  • Inland Asia
  • Coastal zone and regional oceans
  • Archipelagos
Forecasting, assessing and mitigating risks
  • Design of models, simulators and decision-making tools regarding the understanding, prevention and mitigation of risks.
  • Risks related to various natural disasters.
  • Risks related to diseases and zoonoses: HPAI (H5N1), Lepstospirosis; food safety and food borne diseases; water and soil borne diseases; food security: rice grassy stunt Virus (RGSV); human influenza and measles; health impacts of tourism industry.
Inland Asia

This region copes with amazingly rapid land use changes, which greatly impact a wide array of interacting domains:

  • Soils: crusting, runoff, erosion, fertility and biogeochaemical cycles, biodiversity, contamination, competition for land and land grabbing.
  • Water: quantity (flooding, low flows, groundwater depletion, competition for water resources) and quality (wastewater use in agriculture and its effects), mineral and faecal pollution of surface and ground water; human, animal and plant pathogen dissemination.
  • Mountain environement: long term dynamics of the cryosphere, natural hazards and associated risks, access and transportation, mountaineering and ecotourism, upland agriculture, seasonal migration, national parks protected areas, transboundary issues, etc.
  • Plants: biodiversity, vegetal genomics, pathology; emerging diseases.
  • Quantification of and Payment for Environmeental Services (especially forest vs. tree plantations; water and sediment yields, carbon sequestration, biodiversity, etc).
  • Cultural landscapes: agricultural and social trends in the long-term history of landscape; land use and urbanisation process, environment and cultural dynamics, landscape heritage study and management near and remote migrations.
Coastal zones and regional oceans
  • Changing continental water flow systems to the ocean (due to dans, everexploitation of water ressources) leading to salt water intrusion, subsidence, etc.
  • The degradation of mangrove ecosystems and coral reefs under anthrogenic and climate change.
  • Sedimentary dynamics and coastal erosion.
  • Tidal energy budget in the coastal zone.
  • Social and economic aspects: fisheries, tourism.
  • Atmospheric deposits (e.g. black carbon) and coastal ecosystems.
  • Atmosphere-ocean modelling.
  • Dynamics and variability of upwellings and biochemical impacts.
  • Oceanic responses to global changes.
Aechipelagos
  • Geodynamics: volcanoes, subduction zones.
  • Meteorological cycles.
  • Ocean-atmosphere coupling.
  • Marine and terrestrial biodiversity: subtainable aquaculture, insular biogeography and diversification processes, pharmacologic molecules.
  • Societies: anthropology and archaeology of Austronesian migrations, cultural identitties.
A region facing similar issues
  • High population growth rates and very rapid urbanization.
  • High exposure to global changes and to natural, epidemiologic disasters.
  • High social and economical pressures on increasingly globalized regional and national economies.
  • High demand for forecasting risk and developing adaptation strategies tailored to local needs.
An incentive tool with high potential leverage effect
  • Regional networking.
  • Regional training.
  • Better visibility of Asian-French scientific cooperation.
  • Fund raising.
A clear and efficient governance
    • A Board

Chair: Professor M.S. Mohan Kumar, IISc, Bangalore, India

msmk@civil.iisc.ernet.in

Deputy Chair: Oloth Sengtaheuanghoung, NAFRI, Vientiane, Laos

oloth_s@hotmail.com

Excutive Director: Christian Valentin, IRD, Bondy, France

christian.valentin@ird.fr

Deputy Director: Bernard Moizo, IRD, Montpellier, France

bernard.moizo@ird.fr
  • A Scientific Committee including Asian and French scientists representative of various axes, disciplines and countries

Selected 2014 workshops

RPP-SELTAR-2013-Annual-Report

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